BSD Magazine issue 2010-05: Embedded BSD

A new issue of the BSD Magazine is available as free PDF:  Embedded BSD (issue 2010-02)

This is the Table of Contents:

MaheshaBSD: A Live CD Project From The Lake Mansarovar

MaheshaBSD is the name for a Live CD project. Why Mahesha? What does it mean? Mahesha is one of the 1008 names of Lord Shiva – Supreme God of the universe who stands above all gods. This name was chosen because Shiva’s weapon is the same as the FreeBSD’s one – the trident. There is yet another important correlation – supremacy of the BSD code, which (as many IT professionals believe) stands supreme above all operating systems. The connection of Lord Shiva and BSD is therefore logical.

OpenBSD as a Primary Domain Controller

Once a Windows-based network grows beyond around a dozen computers, setting up a Primary Domain Controller to simplify and centralize the management of users, computers and network resources becomes a must. But does the Domain Controller necessarily have to be a Windows machine, thus meaning the end of our project of a completly OpenBSD-based server network?
Of course not! Once again, OpenBSD comes to our rescue and, with the help of a few additional pieces of software, it will turn into a full-blown, secure and reliable Domain Controller.

FreeBSD MySQL Clustering How-to

The PHP, MySQL and Apache stack is a very popular implementation on standalone BSD servers but in demanding high availability [HA] environments the twin spectres of redundancy and fail-over rear their heads. In these scenarios, it is essential to eliminate the single point of failure which is the enemy of 100% uptime.


Last time I wrote on SAMBA on different BSD’s. This time I am going to dedicate the article of the series to FTP. Some people do not know that the FTP protocol is the true BSD heritage, as it originated in the 1970’s at Berkeley University, so it is the right thing to dedicate it some space in the BSDMag anyway.

Exploring HAMMER

One of DragonFly’s features is a new file system, called HAMMER. HAMMER has, to quote from the man page, instant crash recovery, large file systems spanning multiple volumes, data integrity checking, fine-grained history retention, mirroring capability, and pseudo file systems HAMMER is available by default on DragonFly BSD.

Embedded OpenBSD

Unix-like operating systems aren’t picky at all. Despite the extreme physical conditions, they can take root on those old computers where most (proprietary) operating systems risk extinction and help them, after years of faithful service, to start new lives as firewalls, routers, proxies …
But sometimes this is not enough: servers must be reliable and old computers are (guess what?) … Old, and this increases their risk of disease. That’s why embedded systems are a great option: they are (relatively) inexpensive, silent, small , reliable … What else could you need? Ok, you have to learn to cohabit with very basic hardware, but the right OS, with the right configuration, will wallow in it!

Making Sense of Data Management on Intelligent Devices

The demand for embedded devices is growing rapidly, and there is a clear need for development of advanced software to deliver new features on limited hardware. Data management is a critical component in these new software systems. Embedded databases are used by portable media players to store information about music and video, GPS vehicle tracking systems to store map data, and monitoring systems to log information. These and other leading-edge industries have learned the importance of managing data reliably with a relational embedded data management system.

BSD in the Industry

After several years of slavery with windows based programs, many programs related with Industry or Engineering are opening the doors to the new trends of UNIX like OS. This is a natural evolution because as the Economy crisis strikes on whole World, the IT infrastructures are also under pressure to decrease at maximum the overall cost.

BSD Magazine (April 2010): Hosting BSD

The BSD Magazine editors have come out with a new issue of this free PDF magazine: Hosting BSD

The Table of Contents is as follows:

Modern FreeBSD Install

All these years sysinstall(8) was helping us to install FreeBSD with most needed options.

X11 without dbus/hald and with three kings

FreeBSD Handbook suggests (check section 5.4.2 Configuring X11), that running sysutils/hal (hald) and devel/dbus daemons is mandatory to have working x11/xorg … nothing further from the truth.

Converting a FreeBSD Port Using PBI Builder

This is an excerpt from the “Becoming a Developer” chapter of the recently released book, The Definitive Guide to PC-BSD.

BSD File Sharing – Part 2. SAMBA

Last time I wrote about NFS on different BSD’s. This time I am going to dedicate this article of the series to SAMBA.

Running VirtualBox OSE with VNC under FreeBSD 8.0

VirtualBox is a type 2 hypervisor that sits directly on top of the host-server OS and is suitable for server, desktop and embedded applications. It will run most OS’s as guest with few exceptions, and like Vmware * there are many pre-built VM’s available.

FreeBSD Firewall with Transparent Proxy Server, DHCP Server and Name Server

If you need Internet-sharing to be available to share allow your network to access the web using only one public IP Address, you need to setup a gateway.

The Squid and the Blowfish

We have grown so much accustomed to Internet access on our work computers, that we can hardly imagine what people ever did all day long on their workplace before!

Hosting Environment Network and Firewall Redundancy with the BSDs

With many large websites and hosting providers relying on BSD operating systems to power their businesses, it only makes sense that many smaller providers take the same path.

Comparison of FreeBSD And OpenBSD: Not One Cake But The Two Ones

The purpose of this article is to highlight some differences between the two BSD operating systems – FreeBSD and OpenBSD.

Introducing Beastie to Strangers

When PC-BSD 8 first came out back in February, I installed the operating system on two of my machines and was very impressed with the new release.

Previous issues can be downloaded from BSD Magazine: PDF articles

BSD Magazine (2010-03) available: BSD as a desktop (free)

A new issue (free PDF) of BSD Magazine is available now.

Table of contents:

Buil Your Own FreeBSD Update Server

Experienced users or administrators responsible for several machines or environments, know the difficult demands and challenges of maintaining such an infrastructure. The article outlines the steps involved in creating an internal FreeBSD Update Server.

Using OpenBSD and PF as a Virtual Firewall for Windows

The Windows firewall, by default, has many open ports to the local network, like the file and print sharing service ports, which are the source of many security holes. How to protect a Windows host with a basic configuration of an OpenBSD virtual machine with PF as a NAT router and firewall?

Keeping FreeBSD Applications Up-To-Date

An important system administration task, and a principle of running a defensible network, is keeping operating systems and applications up-to-date. In this article you will find multiple ways how to complete this task.

Spam Control with a stock OpenBSD install

Ever since e-mails became ubiquitous unwanted e-mails or spam also known as UCE (Unsolicited Commercial E-mail) or UBE (Unsolicited Bulk E-mail) also became popular. Any chance to control this? OpenBSD has an excellent method to fight spam and this article is about it.

Choosing and Installing a Window Manager with FreeBSD

Step by Step installing with comments and advice. One of the many attractive features of BSD is that the end-user is not tied to a particular desktop or windowing environment.

BSD Live Desktops

Last week Zafer Aydogan, founder of Jibbed, and Stefan Rinkes, founder of GNOBSD, agreed to talk with Jesse Smith about their projects (from which BSD community will surely benefit), themselves and BSD.

BSD goes to the Office: Can BSD compete in a real life consulting workplace?

A reminder on our last issue topic- an article about an experiment to determine a viability of BSD desktop in a real world high pressure consulting engagement. There are many articles that expound on the succes of Linux as desktop, and quite a few accounts of using a Linux desktop in this case or that case. But this one is written not from a perspective of a journalist or home user, but from a system administration and consulting perspective.

Website: | Download Previous Issues

BSDs as Servers (BSD Magzine – free issue)

There is a new issue of the BSD Magazine available: BSD 02/2010 (8) – BSDs as Servers

This issue  is the first electronic-only version and available as free PDF download.

What’s inside:

  • A first look at PC-BSD 8 release
  • Installing and securing an Apache Jail with SSL on FreeBSD
  • The gemstones for FreeBSD
  • OpenBSD, NetBSD and FreeBSD as file sharing servers – Part 1 – NFS
  • Ipsec VPNs: An Introduction to IKE and Ipsec
  • LDAP on FreeBSD
  • Secure and stable mailservers with OpenBSD and qmail
  • Developing Secure Storages: Now On FreeBSD
  • Web Server Benchmarking
  • BSD Tips and Tricks
  • Interview with Olivier Cochard – Labbe, Founder of FreeNAS

Let your open source loving friends know about this great magazine.

BSD Magazine goes free

The announcement published by Michal Gladecki, the new Editor-in-Chief of BSD Magazine on the FreeBSD announcements mailing list earlier today read as follows:

“We are happy to announce that BSD Magazine is transforming into a free monthly online publication. The online version of BSD Magazine will stay in the same quality and form. It will look like the BSD magazine one is familiar and comfortable with. Please sign up to our newsletter and get every issue straight to your inbox. Also, you can now download any of the previous issues from our website. The first online issue — 2/2010 — is coming out in February. Please spread the word about BSD Magazine.”

I’m glad to see BSD Mag go free.  Hopefully, more people will read BSD Mag now and become interested the BSD branch of operating systems. However, on the other hand, if there’s little income (ads etc), how can this be maintained?

This reminds me of a Linux PDF magazine that I used to get back in 2005-06: Tux Magazine. This was very a popular online Linux magazine, but it died a sudden death due to no subscription income.

Many thanks to Lee J. Imner ( – Secure | Reliable Networks) for notifying me.

BSD Security & OpenBSD 4.5 (free bsdmag issue)

bsdmag_04_2009The BSD Mag team have made the “BSD Security & OpenBSD 4.5” issue (04-2009) available as free download.

Table of contents

Installing OpenBSD
Postgresql, shared memory and BSD
Triple booting Windows 7, Ubuntu 9.04 and PC-BSD 7.1
BuildaSearch a FreeBSD Web Service
Web Servers for Embedded NetBSD
Out-of-the-box sshfs on NetBSD 5.0
FreeBSD Security Event Auditing
Securing OpenSSH server
Staying Secure using PC-BSD
Stop Hackers With Protection Script
OpenBSD on the Sharp Zaurus
Questions and Answer Session of the BSD Certification Group Community
Interview with Albert Whale
Interview with Matt Juszczak
  • Installing OpenBSD
  • Postgresql, shared memory and BSD
  • Triple booting Windows 7, Ubuntu 9.04 and PC-BSD 7.1
  • BuildaSearch a FreeBSD Web Service
  • Web Servers for Embedded NetBSD
  • Out-of-the-box sshfs on NetBSD 5.0
  • FreeBSD Security Event Auditing
  • Securing OpenSSH server
  • Staying Secure using PC-BSD
  • Stop Hackers With Protection Script
  • OpenBSD on the Sharp Zaurus
  • Questions and Answer Session of the BSD Certification Group Community
  • Interview with Albert Whale
  • Interview with Matt Juszczak

Download issue

BSD Mag 2010-01 – Infinity. Freedom. FreeBSD

The 2010 Q1 issue of BSD Mag is now available.

Table of contents:

bsdmag2010-01Keeping FreeBSD Up-To-Date: OS Essentials

An important system administration task, and a principle of running a defensible network, is keeping operating systems and applications up-to-date.

Using BSD for your Studies

About four years ago I was starting my undergraduate computing degree. I knew that UNIX-like operating systems had proven themselves in the server room, but how would they fare in the lecture theatre?

The FreeBSD Chatterbox

Day in and day out, your FreeBSD sits there quietly, processing its workload. It never complains or asks for any favors, but what would it say if it could talk?

Encrypting the FreeBSD root file system

Systems are only as secure as you make them. Thankfully, FreeBSD offers an excellent range of tools and mechanisms to insure that all your security needs are met.

Setting up PC-BSD as a server

PC-BSD is so easy to install and the KDE-desktop easy enough to use that we might almost forget it’s roots as server operating system. Now, and in the future, the majority of desktop users might not consider this piece of information of any value.

How to Build a Scalable Search Engine Using the BuildaSearch Web Service

BuildaSearch was featured in the 4/2009 issue of BSD Magazine. While other articles do a fantastic job focusing on core BSD technology, I feel that it is also important to cover web services powered by BSD systems.

Is NetBSD ready for a desktop?

In this article I am focusing on the usability of the NetBSD as a desktop. I would like to show what NetBSD can do today and whether it is mature enough to challenge PC-BSD or Linux. If you want to know, keep reading.

FreeBSD on the SheevaPlug

Though NetBSD is better known for supporting a wide variety of processors and systems, FreeBSD has an active embedded component, as well. In this article, we’ll take a look at the ARM-based SheevaPlug and show you how to boot your Plug using FreeBSD.

Email server in FreeBSD Configuring FreeBSD as a mail server with Postfix and Dovecot in FreeBSD 7.X

This tutorial is a step by step guide on how to setup your own mail server using Postfix as the Mail Transfer Agent(MTA) and Dovecot as the IMAP server and as the authenticating agent for Postfix. These instructions were tested with FreeBSD 7.2

Monitoring OpenBSD with Symon

Once you have your OpenBSD Server running, you might want to monitor your machine. There are several ways to do this and there is a large amount of tools you could use for it.

BSD as the Platform for Operationalizing Organizational Flexability via a Data Concourse

A major change is about to take place in large organizations worldwide and BSD is positioned perfectly to play a starring role.

Living The PC-BSD Lifestyle

Some people are Mac, some are Windows, I am PC-BSD. PC-BSD is more than an operating system, it’s a lifestyle.

BSD Tips&trics

In this issue of BSD Tips and Tricks, readers share some of their favourite tips for solving problems and saving time.

How to Rename Ethernet Interfaces Under FreeBSD

I haven’t written about things like this in a while but the question was put to me and I thought it’d be worth jotting something down.

Year 40 of the UNIX epoch begins

As many UNIX/Linux users know, all UNIX like operating systems start the count of time at January 1, 1970, the start of the UNIX epoch. Yes, I know that this is not precisely when the UNIX operating system was born but for our purposes it will do. It is similar to the idea that January 1, 2010 A.D. does not really represent the precise time since the birth of Christ (astronomers have proven this to be off by a few years) but we still use it as a time marker.


Free BSD Mag issues – download now

The following BSD Mag issues can be downloaded (PDF) from the bsdmag website:

guide-to-freebsdGuide to FreeBSD

  • Installing FreeBSD 7.1 with Enhanced Security Jails
  • OpenSMTPD
  • Getting a GNOME Desktop on FreeBSD
  • Packaging Software for OpenBSD – part 2
  • A Jabber Data Transfer Component
  • Building a FreeBSD Wireless Router
  • CPU Scaling on FreeBSD Unix
  • LDAP Authentication on OpenBSD Boxes
  • FreeBSD and Snort Intrusion Detection System
  • Building an Embedded Video Web Server with NetBSD
  • FreeBSD Tips
  • Maintaining System Configuration Files Using Subsversion
  • Q&A about Dtrace


pc-bsd-uncoveredPC-BSD uncovered

  • Installing PC-BSD Fibonacci Edition
  • Software management simplfi ed: PC-BSD and the PBI system
  • Personalizing Your PC-BSD Desktop
  • Using FreeBSD for Off-Site Backups
  • Building NetBSD for Embedded Systems Using Cygwin
  • ABC’s of ZFS
  • Django on FreeBSD
  • Open Source Studio to Transmitter Link (OSSTL)
  • PC-BSD – Making Your Life Easier
  • Interview with PC-BSD
  • Green Eggs & BSD…


More info about bsdmag and subscriptions can be found on the website

    BSD Mag issue 6 – BSD Security & OpenBSD 4.5

    bsd magazineThe 6th issue of BSD Mag is now available. The topic for this month is BSD Security & OpenBSD 4.5.

    Interested in the BSD Mag but don’t want to commit to a subscription yet? Have a look at these 3 free issues (PDF) and decide.

    This is the table of contents of the latest issue:

    Installing OpenBSD

    OpenBSD 4.5 is the latest version of OpenBSD released in May, 2009. This article will walk you through its installation in great details. For a quick start boot the attached DVD with OpenBSD 4.5.

    Postgresql, shared memory and BSD

    This series of articles will compare a basic installation of Postgresql on various flavors of BSD, and compare the performance between them given similar shared memory settings.

    Triple booting Windows 7, Ubuntu 9.04 and PC-BSD 7.1

    In this article we will give a step-by-step guide to installing three different operating systems on the same hard drive.

    BuildaSearch a FreeBSD Web Service

    BuildaSearch is a web service which allows users to build a custom search engine or site search in less than five minutes. No coding skills are necessary when building a custom search. Users can customize their colors, backgrounds, logos, and search results.

    Web Servers for Embedded NetBSD

    Web-based user interfaces have become ubiquitous for all sorts of electronic gear these days. If you are building a network-capable device, chances are you will want to add a web server to your device’s software, as well – it’s generally cheaper than a hardware interface and far easier to change or update.

    Out-of-the-box sshfs on NetBSD 5.0

    Sshfs makes it possible to mount a remote directory tree onto the local machine. Only ssh access is required for this.

    FreeBSD Security Event Auditing

    Security is increasingly a hot topic in systems administration. Vulnerable systems get patches, firewalls get set up and password policies are enforced. But in the end, all these measures cannot eliminate the risk of a system break-in. They can only reduce it.

    Securing OpenSSH server

    OpenSSH is free implementation of SSH suite. Many of us use it on a daily basis and got so used to it we couldn’t imagine our lives without it.

    Staying Secure using PC-BSD

    “Help! Pop-ups are destroying my computer!” I cannot count how many times I have heard those words come from my brother’s mouth.

    Stop Hackers With Protection Script

    I suppose you have a border server that is freely accessible from the internet or you just want to have a secure machine. Whichever the case is, I will tell you my story.

    OpenBSD on the Sharp Zaurus

    If you look at the OpenBSD Platforms page ( ) you’ll see Zaurus down at the bottom. Is it there just so that the OpenBSD team can safely say that they support a multitude of platforms, from Alpha to Zaurus?

    Questions and Answer Session of the BSD Certification Group Community

    Recently, the BSD Certification Group (BSDCG) asked via their mailing lists for questions regarding the BSDCG or the BSDA exam, offering to answer them in this issue of BSD Mag.

    Interview with Albert Whale

    My name is Albert Whale, the President of ABS Computer Technology. I am a resident of Pittsburgh, PA, and I work with my company on Security and Consulting opportunities on an international basis.

    Interview with Matt Juszczak

    Recently I had the opportunity to sit down with Matt Juszczak creator of and ask him some questions about the project. I would like to thank Matt for taking the time out of his busy schedule to talk with me about the project. The following is a synopsis of that Q&A session.

    BSD Mag promotional flyer

    BSD Mag has created a promotional flyer for give-away. It includes subscription information and a discount code. Help us handing these out to spread the word about BSD Magazine, .

    A PDF copy is availabe from Dru’s slideshare.

    Also, if you haven’t subscribed to BSD Mag because you didn’t know what you would subscribe for, you can now download BSD Magazine’s 3 previous issues – all available for download.  If you like them, why not subscribe?