FreeBSD 10.1 as a desktop OS: Configuration

User KENNETH ENZ has uploaded this video on how to get your FreeBSD 10.1 set up as a desktop OS. Check out their channel for more FreeBSD tutorials.

A few desktop configuration and software installation options are looked at as the FreeBSD system is set up as a work station with some software considerations useful for developers.

Previous videos in this series:
FreeBSD 10.1 as a desktop OS (part 1 of 3)…

FreeBSD 10.1 as a desktop OS (part 2 of 3)…

FreeBSD 10.1 as a desktop OS (part 3 of 3)…

OctoPkg – A GUI for pkg-ng

power The pkg-ng package manager has proven to be an effective and easy to use command-line package manager. It’s quick, it has simple syntax and it handles package dependencies well, so what’s not to like? Well, some people have suggested it would be nice if FreeBSD’s primary package manager had an optional graphical interface, something that made handling third-party software a point-n-click experience.

Developer Alexandre Albuquerque Arnt has taken on the challenge and ported the Octopi graphical package manager (popular amongst some Linux distributions) and made it work with pkg-ng. The result is OctoPkg, a simple, fast graphical package manager that can be used to install, upgrade and remove packages. OctoPkg will also fetch news from the operating system’s website to help keep the user abreast of security notifications and new releases. Arnt has screen shots of OctoPkg in action on his website.

People who want to test drive the new package manager can grab the latest source code from Arnt’s GitHub repository.

Intel® System Studio 2016 for FreeBSD* Beta

Intel has released the beta version of their C++ compiler for FreeBSD. Thanks to Kittur Ganesh (Intel) for informing us about this software.


Intel® System Studio (ISS) 2016 for FreeBSD* Beta provides a comprehensive embedded tool suite solution for developing, optimizing, tuning and deploying 64-bit system and application C, C++ code running natively on FreeBSD* host systems. This product release includes the following components:

  • Intel® C++ Compiler 16.0 Beta for FreeBSD* systems
  • Intel® VTune™ Amplifier 2016 Beta for Systems for FreeBSD* Targets

Refer to the link below for more details on the product and features thereof:


bsdtalk254 – PFsense and FreeNAS with Ken Worster

bsdtalk has uploaded a podcast, this one being an interview with Ken Worster. Thanks to Will Backman for providing us the audio file.


An interview with Ken Worster who is presenting on topics which include PFSense and FreeNAS in schools at the Technology Teacher ME conference in Bethel Maine.

File info: 14min, 6MB

Mp3 Link:

Ogg Link:


FreeBSD Support for Leap Seconds

FreeBSD has recently announced a “fix” for the recent leap second added to the Earth’s time. The following has been pulled from their official documentation.



1. Introduction

A leap second is an ad-hoc one-second correction to synchronize atomic timescales with Earth rotation. This article describes how FreeBSD interacts with leap seconds.

As of this writing, the next leap second will occur at 2015-Jun-30 23:59:60 UTC. This leap second will occur during a business day for North and South America and the Asia/Pacific region.

Leap seconds are announced by IERS on Bulletin C.

Standard leap second behavior is described in RFC 7164. Also see time2posix(3).

2. Default Leap Second Handling on FreeBSD

The easiest way to handle leap seconds is with the POSIX time rules FreeBSD uses by default, combined with NTP. When ntpd(8) is running and the time is synchronized with upstream NTP servers that handle leap seconds correctly, the leap second will cause the system time to automatically repeat the last second of the day. No other adjustments are necessary.

If the upstream NTP servers do not handle leap seconds correctly, ntpd(8) will step the time by one second after the errant upstream server has noticed and stepped itself.

If NTP is not being used, manual adjustment of the system clock will be required after the leap second has passed.

3. Cautions

[Read more…]

Running FreeBSD on a Raspberry Pi computer

Raspberry_Pi_Logo.svg FreeBSD is a relative newcomer to the tiny RaspBerry Pi computer, particularly the young Raspberry Pi 2 models. However, FreeBSD developers are working rapidly to bring FreeBSD 11 (-current) to the inexpensive Pi.

DistroWatch has a quick overview of what it is like to install and run FreeBSD on the Raspberry Pi 2 computer board.

Before diving into my experiment with FreeBSD on the Pi, I think it is important to note that FreeBSD is just now getting support for the Raspberry Pi 2. The wiki page for FreeBSD’s status on the Pi has been changing quickly. In fact, the week I purchased my Raspberry Pi 2, virtually no features were reported to work on the device. A week or so later, most of the feature matrix changed from red to green, indicating most of the Pi’s hardware would work with FreeBSD. I think it is also worth mentioning there are no images of FreeBSD’s stable (10.x) branch for the Raspberry Pi 2. There are stable releases for the earlier Raspberry Pi machines, but not the most recent hardware. People who want to use FreeBSD on a Raspberry Pi 2 need to download an image of FreeBSD 11, the development branch of FreeBSD. Running the development (aka Current) branch of FreeBSD may lead to some regressions or unstable behaviour. In short, FreeBSD on the Raspberry Pi 2 is highly experimental and likely to be unstable, use it at your own risk.

Sounds exciting! Read the rest of the article to learn about the benefits and drawbacks of running FreeBSD’s -current branch on the Raspberry Pi 2.

Installing FAMP (FreeBSD 10, Apache, MySQL, PHP) on a Cloud or VPS Server

This tutorial by user Jose Velazquez shows us how to get FreeBSD 10 set up with Apache, MySQL, and PHP on a cloud or VPS server. Thanks to Atlantic.Net, a cloud hosting service that also offers the FreeBSD platform.


apache_software_foundation_logo_3074     mysql-php


This how-to will help you with your FAMP installation in FreeBSD 10 so that you can successfully run a high available stable platform for your web environment. FAMP is simply a software bundle that consists of 4 components that work together to form a powerful web server.  However, in this setup the acronym’s are as follows: FreeBSD (F) is the core of the platform which will sustain the other components. Apache (A) is used for the web service. MySQL (M) is used for database management,  and PHP (P) is used as the programming language.


You need a FreeBSD server that is configured with a static IP address. If you do not have a server already, you can visit our Cloud Hosting page here and spin a new server up in under 30 seconds.

Install FAMP on FreeBSD 10

[Read more…]

Install Sonarr on FreeBSD

sonarrThis short tutorial will show you how to get Sonarr set up on FreeBSD.

Installing Sonarr on FreeBSD isn’t hard, but does require several commands. If you aren’t familiar with Unix or Linux, this guide should hopefully be enough to get you up and running. This guide was tested under FreeBSD 10.1-RELEASE.

If you want to do this safely, install and run it inside a FreeBSD jail.

mv /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf.backup
pkg install mono mediainfo sqlite3
tar -xzvf NzbDrone.master.tar.gz
ee /etc/rc.d/run_drone

At this point you have a text editor open. Copy and the paste the following line into the editor:

/usr/local/bin/mono /root/NzbDrone/NzbDrone.exe --nobrowser &

  • Hit Esc, Enter, Enter to leave editor and save changes.

chmod 555 /etc/rc.d/run_drone

At this point Sonarr is installed, and we have it set to start on boot. You can execute run_drone, reboot the system or restart the jail if installed into one.

If you are wondering what is going on in the commands, here’s a brief rundown. FreeNAS 9.2 may have an older version of pkg installed. By moving the configuration file, it will heal itself and just work™, although this should not be necessary on newer versions of FreeBSD. Then we install mono, mediainfo, sqlite3 and all their required dependencies, including perl. Next up is Sonarr itself. Grab the files and extract, simple enough. Lastly we need to get Sonarr launching at boot, so we make a small script in rc.d which gets run at boot.

Unix experts will see that this is very hacky and insecure, especially as everything is running as root and listening on all IPs by default, so it’s a really good idea to put this inside a jail.