PC-BSD 10.1.1-RC2 Now Available

The Moore brothers have made available PC-BSD 10.1.1-RC2. pc-bsd_logo

The PC-BSD team is pleased to announce the availability of RC2 images for the upcoming quarterly 10.1.1 release.
Please test these images out and report any issues found on our bug tracker.

Changes since RC1

* Disabled some diskid / gptid labels from installer
* Updated HandBook with additions for 10.1.1
* Fixes to Lumina desktop default settings
* Disabled the lock functionality in AppCafe
* Fixed an issue with VirtualBox modules not being loaded after install
* Updated some man pages for pbi_* commands
* Fixes to how ISO / memory disks are mounted via Mount Tray
* Fixes to Mount Tray for mounting exFAT partitions with write access
* Fixed an issue with UEFI USB media not loading GRUB correctly
* Removed pc-soundmixer utility, functionality has been merged into tray app

Getting media

10.1.1-RC2 DVD/USB media can be downloaded from here via HTTP or Torrent.

For the full list of changes: http://blog.pcbsd.org/2015/01/pc-bsd-10-1-1-rc2-now-available/

 

The difference between /sbin, /bin, /usr/sbin, and /user/bin

/u/evidentlycat gives a great explanation of the difference between /sbin, /bin, /usr/sbin, and /usr/bin on /r/BSD.

http://b.thumbs.redditmedia.com/ogsjP2Dly5R9Y796Qg92fW4pI9kRJY-DIiBAISX4ebk.png

I use the terms “dynamically linked” and “statically linked”. A statically linked executable is independent: it does not load a separate C library, instead, the executable itself contains copies of code it uses from the C library, and interfaces with the kernel entirely by itself through syscalls. A dynamically linked executable loads an external library from a file and calls functions in it.

bin is for binaries which are useful for users without elevated privileges. /bin contains statically-linked binaries which are “fundamental to both single and multi-user environments” according to hier(7). They may be used in the tiny installer ramdisk. Most things in /usr/bin are dynamically linked and all of them are inaccessible in the installer.

sbin is for superuser binaries and daemons, i.e. things not useful to users without elevated privileges. Everything in /sbin is statically linked and accessible in the installer. Most things in /usr/sbin are dynamically linked and all of them are inaccessible in the installer….

Original post from /u/evidentlycat: http://www.reddit.com/r/BSD/comments/2szofc/eli5_why_is_separating_binaries_into_bin_sbin/cnudxzs

Official documentation on filesystem layout: https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?hier%287%29

pfSense 2.2-RELEASE Now Available

The developers of pfSense have released the long awaited 2.2!

pfsense-logo-150x150I’m happy to announce the release of pfSense® software version 2.2! This release brings improvements in performance and hardware support from the FreeBSD 10.1 base, as well as enhancements we’ve added such as AES-GCM with AES-NI acceleration, among a number of other new features and bug fixes. Jim Thompson posted an overview of the significant changes previously.

In the process of reaching release, we’ve closed out 392 total tickets (this number includes 55 features or tasks), fixed 135 bugs affecting 2.1.5 and prior versions, fixed another 202 bugs introduced in 2.2 by advancing the base OS version from FreeBSD 8.3 to 10.1, changing IPsec keying daemons from racoon to strongSwan, upgrading the PHP backend to version 5.5 and switching it from FastCGI to PHP-FPM, and adding the Unbound DNS Resolver, and many smaller changes.

Downloads for New Installs

Downloads to Upgrade Existing Systems – note it’s usually easier to just use the auto-update functionality, in which case you don’t need to download anything from here. Check the Firmware Updates page for details.

Official announcement: https://blog.pfsense.org/?p=1546

FreeBSD last quarter status report 2014

freebsd-logo-largeThe long awaited FreeBSD final quarter status report of 2014 is here. Numerous accomplishments have been made, head on over to the link below to see the year in review.

This report covers FreeBSD-related projects between October and December 2014. This is the last of four reports planned for 2014.

The fourth quarter of 2014 included a number of significant improvements to the FreeBSD system. In particular, compatibility with other systems was enhanced. This included significant improvements to the Linux compatibility layer, used to run Linux binaries on FreeBSD, and the port of WINE, used to run Windows applications. Hypervisor support improved, with FreeBSD gaining the ability to run as domain 0 on Xen’s new high-performance PVH mode, bhyve gaining AMD support, and new tools for creating FreeBSD VM images arriving.

This quarter was also an active time for the toolchain, with numerous improvements to the compiler, debugger, and other components, including initial support for C++14, which should be complete by FreeBSD 10.2.

Thanks to all the reporters for the excellent work!

Full status report: https://www.freebsd.org/news/status/report-2014-10-2014-12.html

 

MediaFire Launches Linux/Open Source-Friendly Cloud Storage

MediaFire has released an open source toolkit which supports Linux and FreeBSD.

http://cdn2.gamefront.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/mediafire.png

Another cloud storage vendor is eyeing the open source community. This week, MediaFire announced a new open source toolkit compatible with Linux and FreeBSD, giving Linux desktop fans another cloud storage option to compete with Dropbox, Google Drive and the like.

MediaFire’s open source developer toolkit, which it announced Jan. 21, provides several tools, among them a FUSE interface for POSIX-compatible operating system. In non-programmer terms, the FUSE tool makes it possible to connect applications running on Linux, FreeBSD and most other Unix-like operating systems to MediaFire’s cloud storage platform, and to access and sync MediaFire files through interfaces such as the Nautilus file manager….

Full article: http://thevarguy.com/open-source-application-software-companies/012215/medi…

How To Install and Manage Ports on FreeBSD 10.1

This tutorial by user Casey of iTech Tips shows us how to get started with installing and managing ports on FreeBSD 10.1.

FreeBSD is a powerful operating system capable of functioning in a variety of roles. Part of what makes this operating system an ideal choice in many scenarios is its reputation for flexibility. A large contribution to this reputation comes from FreeBSD’s supported method for installing software from source, known as the ports system.

In this guide, we will discuss some of the benefits of the ports system and will demonstrate how to use it to acquire and manage additional software. We will cover how to install using the make command, how to customize your applications, and how to leverage some common tools to make ports maintenance easier.

Read the full instructions here: http://itechtips.com/how-to-install-and-manage-ports-on-freebsd-10-1/

Linux vs. BSD: Which Should You Use?

Here’s another Linux vs BSD comparison, by user Danny Stieben of MakeUseOf.

At MakeUseOf, we cover Linux quite a bit as the “alternative” to Windows and Mac OS X. However, those aren’t the only three operating systems out there — there’s also the BSD family of Unix-like operating systems, which are technically speaking different from Linux.

In the name of fair competition, it’s time that we gave BSD operating systems some recognition as well. And there’s no better way to do that than to compare them against Linux. What’s different about BSD operating systems, and should you be running it instead of Linux? How does Linux and the best BSD desktop OS, PC-BSD, compare on the desktop?

Find out how the two compare: http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/linux-vs-bsd-which-should-you-use/

DigitalOcean – Presenting FreeBSD! How We Made It Happen.

DigitalOcean, a cloud hosting provider that is headquartered in New York City, has recently announced availability for FreeBSD on their platforms.

We’re happy to announce that FreeBSD is now available for use on DigitalOcean!

FreeBSD will be the first non-Linux distribution available for use on our platform. It’s been widely requested because of its reputation of being a stable and performant OS. While similar to other open source unix-like operating systems, it’s unique in that the development of both its kernel and user space utilities are managed by the same core team, ensuring consistent development standards across the project. FreeBSD also offers a simple, yet powerful package management system that allows you to compile and install third-party software for your system with ease.

One particularly compelling attribute of the FreeBSD project is the quality of their documentation, including the FreeBSD Handbook which provides a comprehensive and thoughtful overview of the operating system. We at DigitalOcean love effective and concise technical writing, and so we’ve also produced numerous FreeBSD tutorials to aid new users with Getting Started with FreeBSD.

We understand that this has been a long standing user request, and we’ve heard you. You might be asking yourself – what took so long?

To find out what took so long, continue reading here: https://www.digitalocean.com/company/blog/presenting-freebsd-how-we-made-it-happen/