Comparison: Gentoo Vs FreeBSD, Tweak Tweak Little Star

User Liron of iWillFolo wrote this comparison between Gentoo and FreeBSD. The author discusses both advantages and disadvantages of each software’s installation process, tools, optimization & customization features, available packages, as well as community & other resources.

Gentoo Vs FreeBSD

Gentoo and FreeBSD are both Unix / Unix-like operating systems which have many features in common, for instance, both enable tweaking the system out of the box. However they also have a fair share of differences as well. Following is a comparison of the two.

The following comparison will not cover each and every aspect / tiny detail of both OSs, rather, it will focus on notable features each holds and compare them one another.

If you’d like to get to know more aspects of each OS, perhaps the following pages would be a good place to start: 5 Reasons why use Gentoo-Linux, A Look Into: FreeBSD 10.1.

Read the full review here:

Baseline Mac OS X Support #1113

User landonf wrote this patchset to allow baseline Mac OS X support.


The patches here add support for building on Mac OS X; with these changes, all included tests (executed via `make check’) pass on both Mac OS X and FreeBSD.

I don’t anticipate an immediate merge, but I wanted to go ahead and open this to allow for comment.

This patchset primarily consists of:

  • Adding compatibility shims for BSD-specific or later POSIX functionality that Mac OS X doesn’t support (see compat/)
  • Adding pkg_macho.c with support for Mach-O binary analysis.

For pkg_macho.c, I used BSD-licensed Mach-O parsing code written for MacPorts‘ shared library/executable analysis (external/libmachista).

The primarily outstanding issues I have yet to tackle:

  • Making sure I didn’t miss any style(9) bugs.
  • Finishing shared library analysis handling (marked with MACTODO in pkg_macho.c):
    • Universal binary handling. I’m currently stuffing the architecture(s) supported by libraries into their library paths, as a file suffix. This is not the final solution, but I haven’t decided how to tackle this yet.
    • dyld specific features:
      • Required/compatibility version fields that must match between the linking image and linked library.
      • Relative library path handling via dyld‘s @loader_path, @executable_path, etc.


Check out the patch from GitHub here:

The Most Popular BSD Stories Of 2014

Michael Larabel of has published an article rounding up the most popular BSD stories in 2014. Grab a cup of coffee and reflect on one of BSD’s biggest years:

Over the past week or so I’ve shared many top ten / year-end lists of our most popular open-source content on Phoronix. Most of the focus has been on our majority Linux focus while in this article is a look at the top ten BSD articles on Phoronix from 2014.

In 2014 saw the forking of OpenSSL to LibreSSL, the release of FreeBSD 10.0 and 10.1, KMS/DRM graphics driver improvements for BSD, the continued progress of PC-BSD in being an easy FreeBSD desktop platform, and many other advancements. Here’s the ten most viewed BSD articles on Phoronix for 2014:

The 10 Best Features Of FreeBSD 10.0
With a bit of luck FreeBSD 10.0 will be released in the next few days so here’s a look at the arguably ten best features of this next major BSD operating system release.

My 10 Minute Experience With PC-BSD 10.0
With FreeBSD 10.0 having been released and the final release of the PC-BSD 10.0 coming this week, I decided to try out the PC-BSD 10.0-RC5 ahead of the final release. While I intended to run some benchmarks of FreeBSD/PC-BSD 10.0 against its predecessor and compared to Linux distributions, this initial PC-BSD 10.0 encounter was cut short after about ten minutes.

PC-BSD Is Developing Its Own Desktop Environment
The PC-BSD project is developing its own desktop environment from scratch! The ultimate plan is for Lumina to become a full-featured, open-source desktop environment that may ultimately replace KDE as its default desktop environment.

OpenBSD Foundation At Risk Of Shutting Down
The OpenBSD Foundation is running into a situation of lack of funding to the point that they can’t even cover their electricity costs and may be forced to suspend or reduce their operations without additional help.

FreeBSD 10.0 Has Finally Been Released
It’s been delayed by many months but the official release of FreeBSD 10.0 has shipped today!

FreeBSD Receives A Million Dollar Donation
The FreeBSD has received their largest ever single donation: $1,000,000 USD.

KMS Drivers Break The Console In FreeBSD 10
While FreeBSD 10.0 is exciting for finally having an AMD Radeon DRM/KMS driver as one of the major features of the new OS, the quality isn’t yet on par with the open-source graphics support found on Linux from where the code was originally ported.

OpenBSD Drops Support For Loadable Kernel Modules
Interestingly the OpenBSD developers have decided to remove support for loadable kernel modules from the BSD distribution’s next release.

Radeon Now Work Well On PC-BSD, But USB Mouse Support Is Iffy
Since last month’s release of FreeBSD 10.0 and PC-BSD 10.0 that followed, many Phoronix readers have been asking about benchmarks of this major BSD operating system update that’s home to many new features. Here’s an update on my FreeBSD/PC-BSD 10.0 testing thus far.

OpenSSL Forked By OpenBSD Into LibreSSL
Following the fallout from the OpenSSL Heartbleed bug, OpenBSD developers have decided to fork the OpenSSL code-base to create LibreSSL.

Original post:


Upcoming FreeBSD Kernel Internals Evening Course

mckusickcolorMarshall Kirk McKusick is hosting several BSD courses within the next couple months. Read below and visit the page if you are interesting in attending and learning more about FreeBSD Kernel Internals.

The “FreeBSD Kernel Internals: Data Structures and Algorithms” course is taught once every few years on a mostly on Thursday nights starting in mid-to-late January and running through late May at the historic Hillside Club at 2286 Cedar Street, Berkeley, CA 94709 just three blocks north of the Berkeley campus once per week from 7:00PM to 10:00PM.

For those that do not live in the Bay Area, or that are not generally free on (primarily) Thursday evenings, the class can also be purchased on video. Those ordering a subscription can receive the class week-by-week as they are recorded.

The next evening class is scheduled to begin on Thursday January 22nd, 2015. You can register for the class here.

For more information and schedule list:

Reminder: FreeBSD 10.0 end-of-life approaching

Dear FreeBSD community,

On January 31, 2015, FreeBSD 10.0 will reach its end-of-life and will no
longer be supported by the FreeBSD Security Team. Users of FreeBSD 10.0
are strongly encouraged to upgrade to a newer release before that date.
The currently supported branches and releases and their expected
end-of-life dates are:

| Branch | Release | Type | Release Date | Estimated EoL |
|stable/8 |n/a |n/a |n/a |June 30, 2015 |
|releng/8.4 |8.4-RELEASE |Extended|June 9, 2013 |June 30, 2015 |
|stable/9 |n/a |n/a |n/a |last release + 2 years |
|releng/9.3 |9.3-RELEASE |Extended|July 16, 2014 |December 31, 2016 |
|stable/10 |n/a |n/a |n/a |last release + 2 years |
|releng/10.0|10.0-RELEASE|Normal |January 20, 2014 |January 31, 2015 |
|releng/10.1|10.1-RELEASE|Extended|November 14, 2014 |December 31, 2016 |

Please refer to for an up-to-date list of
supported releases and the latest security advisories.

Dag-Erling Smørgrav - FreeBSD Security Officer

Original announcement:

Deciso Launches OPNsense, a New Open Source Firewall Initiative

Deciso has just launched their own fork of pfSense, an open source firewall, which is also based on FreeBSD. combines the best of open source and closed source firewalls. It brings the rich feature set of commercial offerings with the benefits of open and verifiable sources combined with a simple BSD license. This makes OPNsense the platform of choice for users, developers and commercial partners.

Companies that want to use OPNsense to create a branded version, extend its features, or even create a fork and build upon the same codebase are allowed to do so under the 2-clause BSD license.

The large feature set OPNsense includes several high-end features like load balancing, high availability and captive portal. The modern and easy-to-use Bootstrap based user interface makes configuring and managing the firewall a comfortable task for administrators. And maybe the best part; All sources and build tools are freely available without special clauses and without licensing costs.

Read the full announcement here:

Official OPNsense website:

How-to: FreeBSD vs Linux performance?

Stuck making a choice between FreeBSD and Linux? Find out what users of both operating systems have say:

FreeBSD vs Linux performance?

I know that FreeBSD is famous for being highly stable, secure and of course open source. So I am going to try it on one of my servers. However, I am wondering what are the pros and cons of Using FreeBSD instead of Ubuntu or other Linux flavors? I am specially interested to know about the difference in php/mysql performance between the two, given the hardware is the same and one uses the optimal server configurations.


Answer [by larsks]: FreeBSD vs Linux performance?

The best way to answer question is to load Linux, run some performance tests, and then load FreeBSD and run the same suite of tests. If you get better performance from one or the other, stick with that.bsdnix

“However, I am wondering what are the pros and cons of Using FreeBSD instead of Ubuntu or other Linux flavors?”

You’re not really going to get a good answer to this question. The truth is that both are fine solutions (both are “highly stable, secure and of course open source”) and depending on your personal tastes, hardware configuration, and specific tasks you’re trying to accomplish, one may be better than the other.

Read more users’ answers to the question here:

HowTo: Use ps, kill, nice, and killall To Manage processes in FreeBSD and OS X Unix Operating System

This tutorial by nixCraft shows us how to use various commands to manage processes in FreeBSD and OS X.

Fig.02 ps command with flags

I‘m a new Unix system user. How can I manage process on a FreeBSD operating systems?

A process is nothing but an executing program on FreeBSD or Unix-like system. Each process on the system provides the resources needed to run a program such as vim or firefox. Each process has:

Tutorial details
Difficulty Easy (rss)
Root privileges Yes
Requirements FreeBSD or Unix-like os
Estimated completion time 10m
  1. A unique process identifier number (PID)
  2. A virtual address space
  3. A security context
  4. Open devices/handles, executable code
  5. Environment variables, priority and more.

In this quick tutorial, I will write about process management on a FreeBSD operating systems.

Full instructions here:

New 2015Q1 branch


The 2015Q1 branch has just been branched meaning that the next update on the
quarterly packages will be on the 2015Q1 branch

What happen during the last 3 months:
– 160 committers have participated
– 6024 commits
– diffstat: 33223 files changed, 817670 insertions(+), 631272 deletions(-)

What does that means for users:
– pkg got update to 1.4.3
– New keywords: @glib-schemas, @kld
– New USES: alias fakeroot gettext-runtime gettext-tools gperf
– gettext has been updated to 0.19.3 and splitted into smaller packages
– Minimum clang compiler is now 3.4
– Firefox 34.0.5
– Firefox-esr 31.3.0
– Chrome 39.0.2171.95
– Perl 5.18.4 (the perl infrastructure have received lots of work which would
ease a lot further upgrade of the default perl version for a end user)
– Python 2.7.9
– Ruby
– PostgreSQL 9.3
– gcc 4.8.3
– Gnome 3.14
– Cinnamon 2.4.5
– Xorg 1.14

Next package building will start on Wednesday 7th at 1 am UTC and should be
available on your closest mirrors few days after that.

Bapt (on behalf of portmgr)

Official announcement: